Hardware Performance Counter Based on RISC-V

Clc Number:

Fund Project:

  • Article
  • |
  • Figures
  • |
  • Metrics
  • |
  • Reference
  • |
  • Related
  • |
  • Cited by
  • |
  • Materials
  • |
  • Comments

    With decades of development, X86 and ARM have gradually dominated the markets of desktops and mobile phones. Although these two architectures are becoming increasingly powerful from the standing points of technical advances and software ecosystem, they are not good candidates for architectural research due to their complicated Instruction Set Architecture (ISA) definitions, comprehensive technical designs and intimidating copyright protection issues. Before the introduction of the open RISC-V ISA, there is no appropriate ISA for computer architectural research and innovation. RISC-V has attracted attention and participation from both the industry and academia. Hardware Performance Counter (HPC) is an important tool for researching and optimizing computer processor cores. The original definitions of HPC in the RISC-V standard do not scale properly and the number of events simultaneously monitorable is rather small. For these reasons, we propose a new distributed HPC based on RISC-V in this study. We have integrated this design into the lowRISC-v0.4 open SoC platform and run it on the Genesys2 FPGA board. Our HPC only uses three Control and Status Registers (CSRs) to capture all events. The number of events that can be concurrently monitored is one order of magnitude higher than that the RISC-V standard can support. Meanwhile, our strategy could provide detailed and accurate data for researchers focusing on the performance analysis of RISC-V processors, the architectural optimization, and side-channel attack and defense.

    Cited by
Get Citation


Article Metrics
  • Abstract:
  • PDF:
  • HTML:
  • Cited by:
  • Received:April 27,2021
  • Revised:May 21,2021
  • Adopted:
  • Online: October 22,2021
  • Published:
You are the firstVisitors
Copyright: Institute of Software, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing ICP No. 05046678-3
Address:4# South Fourth Street, Zhongguancun,Haidian, Beijing,Postal Code:100190
Phone:010-62661041 Fax: Email:csa (a) iscas.ac.cn
Technical Support:Beijing Qinyun Technology Development Co., Ltd.

Beijing Public Network Security No. 11040202500063